The Five Stages of a Cavity

stages of a cavity Fort Worth

This message from The Parkway Dentist in Fort Worth is about tooth decay.

You may have heard that once tooth enamel is eroded, it’s gone forever. This is partially true, but in the earliest stage of enamel erosion, a cavity can be reversed.

Reverse a cavity before it needs a filling

If you can prevent cavities in children, there’s a better chance their teeth can stay healthy through adolescence and into adulthood. This is because the rate of tooth decay declines as kids grow.

Let’s discuss the five stages of a cavity.

Stage 1: Attack of the Little White Spots

The tooth begins to show signs of damage. White spots appear. They are under the surface of the enamel, but you can see them from the outside.

Demineralization will bring about these spots. When they occur in children’s molars, it can be easy for parents to miss them. That’s why daily brushing and regular dental exams are essential.

Can Stage 1 be reversed? Yes!

Stage 2: Enamel Decay

Did you know that tooth decay begins under the surface of the enamel?

The visible enamel is intact for the first part of Stage 2. Then the hole busts through the surface.

Can Stage 2 be reversed? No…but the tooth can probably be saved.

Stage 3: Going Deeper Into the Dentin

The decay drills through the enamel and hits the soft dentin layer that lies below. This is an advanced cavity.

The good news? The decay hasn’t reached the pulp. It will, however, start to cause pain.

Can Stage 3 be reversed? No…but maybe the tooth won’t need a root canal.

Stage 4: Ouch! The Decay Hits the Pulp

Hopefully, you will never endure stage 4. This is very painful. The infection has reached the pulp where the nerves are located. Unfortunately, a root canal is the only treatment option. Unless, of course, the tooth is removed.

Remember, childhood cavities are completely preventable.

Can Stage 4 be reversed? No…and it must be treated with a root canal.

Stage 5: Abscess Distress

The tooth decay (and infection) has traveled through the pulp and out the end. In the final stage, it drills through the tip. Now the infection is in the tissue and bone surrounding the tooth root. The area swells up and it’s extremely painful.

It’s also extremely risky for anyone’s health. This is a serious infection that can spread to other parts of the body. Abscesses originating in a tooth can be fatal.

Can Stage 5 be reversed? No…and it’s life threatening.

Protect your youngster from tooth decay so they can have a healthy smile for life.

If you see little white dots, schedule an exam and dental cleaning at The Parkway Dentist in Fort Worth. Services include general and family dentistry, and restorative  dentistry. Call for an appointment today!

Contact The Parkway Dentist:

817-735-1616

Location (Tap to open in Google Maps):

4200 Bryant Irvin Rd Ste 101
Fort Worth, Texas
76109

 

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